Cap D’Espoir, Quebec
1940 -1945
This excerpt from Joe Costello's RC Sigs Militaria web page provides some background information on Cap D'Espoir.
"A land purchase was authorized in December 1940 and operations were placed in the hands of the RCAF as soon as the base was built. Control was handed over from the RCAF to the RCN Navy on 26 June 1942 in exchange for 'like equipment'. This station was located in Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula and it provided both DF operations against U-boats and carried out "Y" intercept in a separate building. This site was operational 24 hours a day and was manned by a Petty Officer who was in charge of 10 operators and one motor mechanic.

On November 11, 1942 the Cap D'Espoir "Y" building was completely destroyed by fire and all equipment was lost. The operators who stood the last watch before closing down for the night, reported that conditions were normal; they had shut down all motors, stoves banked for the night, drafts closed, and station locked and made secure. The investigating officer for the RCMP was of the opinion that the fire was caused by some kind of fault with the coal stove, although the station investigating team revealed nothing to collaborate that theory.

There were plans to expand the station in 1944. More barracks were planned but were never built.  The land  and buildings were officially declared surplus in January 1946 but the station was likely closed earlier".

/cap_d_espoirmap1.jpg
This was the station's general location on the Gaspé Peninsula and relative to the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Map courtesy Multimap.com)
cap_d_espoirmap2.jpg
A closer view of the cape. (Map courtesy MSN Encarta)

DETAILED SITE PLANS

Further research into the Cap D'Espoir file in the National Archives reveals the following information. On Aug 4, 1942, the RCN decided they were going to operate Cap D'Espoir on a 24  hour basis [1]. In order to accomplish this they would require :

* Additional land  in order to provide a walkaround and also to maintain calibration stakes for the DF antenna.
* Minor changes to existing 'Y' (intelligence) building such as doors and windows.
* An Auxiliary Power Building (APB) to house two 4 KW motor-generator (M-G) sets. Each would be fitted with 50 gallon fuel tanks.
* An 1850 foot, 5 pair,  buried telegraph cable between the Y' building and the APB.
* Arrange for the Canadian National Railway (CNR) to install a telegraph line between the Cap D'Espoir train station and the CNR Commercial Telegraph  office in Cape Cove some 3,000 feet away.
* Arrange with the Bonaventure and Gaspé Telephone Company to construct a private line from the CN Commercial Telegraph Office at Cape Cove to the APB (2,880 feet)  and make connection to the buried telephone and telegraph line.

Not listed in this requisition but clearly seen on later blueprints was an additional single unit DF site some 225 feet away from the existing multi-unit [3] array plus living quarters. It is believed that there was only one "expansion" which was initially discussed  in 1942 and possibly executed sometime between 1942 and 1944.

Click to enlarge
cap_d_espoir_site_plan1s.jpg General Site Plan. The Cap D'Espoir site was situated on lots 145 and 146 in the Township of Perce when the RCN  acquired it from the RCAF on June 26, 1942. The land is shown outlined in red. While the station was the hands of the RCAF, it was known as the Cape Cove DF station.  The point of land is called Cap D'Espoir while the cove to the north of it is called Cape Cove.  Since the station was situated between these two geographical features, either name could have been used when the navy took it over.  (National Archives File # 9650-164-1)
cap_d_espoir_site_plan2s.jpg Detailed Site Plan showing the single 'Y' intercept antenna, 'Y' building, multiband HFDF site plus the additional land (lots 144 and 148) being requested [4] by the RCN for purposes of expanding the station. The existing wire antenna for Y intercept was oriented north/south so the broadside is facing an easterly direction, one that would be optimum for intercepting U-boat transmissions.  (National Archives File # 9650-164-1)
cap_d_espoir_site_plan3s.jpg Proposed Expansion Plan. This plan shows the placement of the new single unit DF site 225 feet away from the existing DF site and the new living quarters in the lower right hand corner. The orientation of this drawing is completely different than the other two above. From the documents in the archives, it's not possible to confirm if this expansion was ever completed. This particular drawing has no date , however companion drawings titled "Soil Conditions and Elevation" are dated February 24, 1944.  (National Archives File # 9650-164-1)
On May 21/45, the Canadian Naval Service approved [2] the closing down and disposal of Harbour Grace and Cap D'Espoir 'Y" Stations on completion of "Stage 1" (not defined) . Personnel trained in German procedure who will not be required for "Stage II" were demobilized. The Department of Transport was thanked for their co-operation and informed that no further German "Y" interception will be required.

In another letter dated Jan 15/46, the Naval Surplus Disposal Committee  valued the Cap D'Espoir W/T station, land and buildings at $8,829.

FOOTNOTES:

[1] It is hard to believe that any wartime monitoring station could operate on anything less than a 7 x 24 schedule.The requirement for 24 hour operation is probably a descriptive qualifier for the project.

[2] Document  N.S, 11700-143 Vol 1

[3] The DF type is not confirmed at this time but it is believed to be the CNF-4.

[4] Requested via document NS 1008-75-21


Credits and References:

1) Joe Costello.  http://www.rcsigs.ca/ViewPage/History/Canadian-CESM-History/Page/2
2) History of Canadian Signals Intelligence in Canada by Lynn Wortman and George Fraser.
3) National Archives File # 9650-164-1

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Dec 30/06